His most significant scholarly contribution is an original solution to the problem of the one and the many. He produced it as his dissertation at Yale University, and published it subsequently as God the Creator. Exploring the implications of that work has enabled him to produce a philosophy of nature that rivals Alfred North Whitehead's in scope, as can be seen from his three-volume Axiology of Thinking. More recently he has become a staunch advocate of the discipline of comparative theology, understood as the quest for truth about divine matters through comparison of religious ideas among various religious traditions. In this regard, Robert Neville has become a significant proponent of Confucianism as a world philosophy.
- God the Creator: On the Transcendence and Presence of God. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1968.
- The Cosmology of Freedom. New Haven, CN: Yale University Press, 1974.
- Creativity and God: A Challenge to Process Theology. New York: The Seabury Press, 1980.
- Reconstruction of Thinking. Volume I of Axiology of Thinking. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1981.
- The Puritan Smile: A Look Toward Moral Reflection. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1987.
- Recovery of the Measure: Interpretation and Nature. Volume II of Axiology of Thinking. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1989.
- Behind the Masks of God: An essay toward comparative theology. Albany, NY: SUNY (State University of New York) Press, 1991.
- The Highroad Around Modernism. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1992.
- Eternity and Time's Flow. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1993.
- Normative Cultures. Volume II of Axiology of Thinking. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1995.
- The Truth of Broken Symbols. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1996.
- Boston Confucianism: Portable tradition in the late-modern world. Albany, NY: SUNY (State University of New York) Press, 2000.de: Robert Cummings Neville