In philosophy and systems theory, basic processes, or logical homologies as they were termed by Ludwig von Bertalanffy, are unifying principles which operate in many different systemic contexts. For example, feedback is a principle that figures prominently in the science of cybernetics. Natural and industrial processes utilize basic processes such as feedback.

There is a philosophical system known as process philosophy, created by Alfred North Whitehead; related to this is process theology.


The philosopher who is best identified as the originator of process philosophy is Heraclitus.


  • Rescher N. (2000) Process Philosophy- A Survey of Basic Issues. University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh.
  • Whitehead A.N. (1985, first published 1929) Process and Reality. The Free Press, NY.


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