Dianoia (Greek: διάνοια) is a term used by Plato for a type of knowledge, specifically, knowledge of mathematical and technical subjects. It is the capacity for, process of, or result of discursive thinking, in contrast with the immediate apprehension that is characteristic of noesis. In Aristotle, dianoia is further divided into the theoretical (episteme), and the practical, which includes techne and phronesis.

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